Acta Pediátrica Española

ISSN 2014-2986

Información adicional

  • Num_publicacion 77(5-6)
  • Resumen_ingles

    Background: The beginning of alcohol consumption and smoking habits besides a decrease in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) take place mainly in adolescence, a stage in which self-medication behaviour is developed. The aim of the study is to describe these variables and explore sex and age differences.
    Subjects and methods: Cross-sectional with adolescents. A scale of HRQoL and four health indicators were applied on the use of drugs, tobacco and alcohol. ANOVA was used to verify differences between sex and ages in these habits, MANOVA in HRQoL and Pearson correlations to analyse relationships between variables.
    Results: The analgesics/antipyretics consumption were of 65.1%, antibiotics of 40% and tranquilizers/sedative/sleeping of 9%, and without prescription, 59.1, 33 and 63.3%, respectively. ANOVA found statistically significant differences between the sexes for medication use and between the ages for the rest of indicators. MANOVA also showed differences in HRQL for sex and age. All statistically significant correlations (except for social support and peers and alcohol use) were negative.
    Conclusions: Girls showed worse health-related quality of life, higher levels of self-medication, while 17 years-old adolescent showed worse health-related quality of life, higher self-medication and tobacco and alcohol consumption. Correlations between health-related quality of life and tobacco, alcohol and medicaments are mostly negative. HRQL and substance consumption correlations varied in relation to age and gender.

  • Palabras_clave_ingles Self medication tobacco alcohol quality of life adolescence
  • Todos_autores Y. Ortega Latorre1, R. Jódar Anchía2, P. Huerta Cebrián1
  • autores listados Y. Ortega Latorre, R. Jódar Anchía, P. Huerta Cebrián
  • Correspondecia

    Correspondencia: Y. Ortega Latorre. Lanzarote, 22. Apartado de correos. 28343 Valdemoro (Madrid). Correo electrónico:

  • Titulo_ingles Self-medication in a sample of adolescents and its association with tobacco, alcohol, and quality of life related to health
  • Centros_trabajo 1Escuela de Enfermería y Fisioterapia San Juan de Dios. Universidad Pontificia Comillas. 2Departamento de Psicología. Facultad de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales. Universidad Pontificia Comillas
  • Publicado en Acta Pediatr Esp. 2019; 77(5-6): 107-112
  • copyright ©2019 Ediciones Mayo, S.A. All rights reserved.
  • Fecha recepcion 6/02/18
  • Fecha aceptacion 24/04/18
  • Tipo de Artículo Clínico (Microdatos) Case Reports
Publicado en Originales

Información adicional

  • Num_publicacion 76(9-10)
  • Resumen_ingles
    Introduction: The adequate follow-up of patients with chronic kidney disease from pediatrics to adult nephrology and/or primary care is a challenge of coordination and planning.
    Objective: Present the design of the nephrology transition program «Conduce tu salud» drawn up at the Hospital Clínico Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca in Murcia.
    Material and methods: Patients included in the transition are adolescents followed in the pediatric nephrology clinic who begin the program from 15-16 years of age.
    It is an integrative and multidisciplinary program that makes a global assessment of the family and the needs of the patient together with a pediatric and adult nephrologist. It includes a psychosocial and environmental assessment to establish patterns and plan specific needs of adolescents and their families. Depending on the abilities and maturity of the patient to «lead their health», the transition is performed between 15 and 18 years of age (evolutionary forms of bicycle, motorcycle and car).
    Conclusions: The program «Conduce tu salud» establishes a planned, coordinated and multidisciplinary process that is carried out in a personalized, integrative, progressive and consensual way with the adolescent, family and professionals.
    The program allows adequate transition from pediatric to adult unit, specialized and primary care.
  • Palabras_clave_ingles Transition Adolescence Multidisciplinary Self care
  • Todos_autores C. Vicente Calderón1, V. Martínez Jiménez2, J.A. Piñero Fernández1, M.F. Sánchez Sauco3, I.M. Saura Luján2, R. Luján Villaseca1, J.A. Ortega García3; en nombre del Grupo de Transición*
  • autores listados C. Vicente Calderón, V. Martínez Jiménez, J.A. Piñero Fernández, M.F. Sánchez Sauco, I.M. Saura Luján, R. Luján Villaseca, J.A. Ortega García; en nombre del Grupo de Transición*
  • Correspondecia
    C. Vicente Calderón. Servicio de Pediatría. Sección de Nefrología Infantil. Hospital Clínico Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca. Ctra. Madrid-Cartagena, s/n. 30120 El Palmar (Murcia).
    Correo electrónico:
  • Titulo_ingles Pediatric nephrology transition program to adult medicine: "Conduce tu salud"
  • Centros_trabajo 1,2Sección de Nefrología Infantil. 3Unidad de Salud Medioambiental Pediátrica. Servicio de Pediatría. Servicio de Nefrología. Hospital Clínico Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca. Murcia
  • Publicado en Acta Pediatr Esp. 2018; 76(9-10): e129-e135
  • copyright ©2018 Ediciones Mayo, S.A.
  • Fecha recepcion 13/09/17
  • Fecha aceptacion 19/10/17
  • Tipo de Artículo Clínico (Microdatos) Observational Study
Publicado en Originales

Información adicional

  • Num_publicacion 74(7)
  • Resumen_ingles
    Introduction: Acquire neuropathies with different post-surgical or post-traumatic etiology (excluding cranial nerves affection) are uncommon in children. Two cases of peripherical neuropathy in teenagers caused by compressive phenomenon as a consequence of aesthetic habits are presented.
    Clinical cases: Case 1: a 13 year old patient with external popliteal sciatic neuropathy. An important weight loss in few months is referred associated with intense physical activity. Case 2: a 14 year old patient with meralgia paresthetica. She usually wears «skinny jeans».
    Conclusions: Both cases present peripheral neuropathies in teenagers, due to compressive phenomenons, increased by diet, weight loss and tight-fitting clothes. These cases remind us the dangerous effect of aesthetic habits and fashion which can hide important diseases like alimentary disorders. Conservative treatment is effective in most cases, but an early diagnosis is needed because of the important disability they can cause in some refractory cases.
  • Palabras_clave_ingles Compression neuropathy Esthetics Adolescence
  • Todos_autores A. Villamañán Montero1, J.L. Peña Segura1, S.B. Sánchez Marco1, M.C. Vera Sáez Benito1, I. Martínez Redondo1, C. Rodríguez Vigil1, I. Dolz Zaera2, J. López Pisón1
  • autores listados A. Villamañán Montero, J.L. Peña Segura, S.B. Sánchez Marco, M.C. Vera Sáez Benito, I. Martínez Redondo, C. Rodríguez Vigil, I. Dolz Zaera, J. López Pisón
  • Correspondecia
    S.B. Sánchez Marco. Servicio de Pediatría. Hospital Universitario «Miguel Servet». P.º Isabel la Católica, 1-3. 50009 Zaragoza.
    Correo electrónico:
  • Titulo_ingles Neuropathy and style in adolescence: Presentation of two cases
  • Centros_trabajo 1Servicio de Pediatría. 2Servicio de Neurofisiología. Hospital Infantil «Miguel Servet». Zaragoza
  • Publicado en Acta Pediatr Esp. 2016; 74(7): e175-e179
  • copyright ©2016 Ediciones Mayo, S.A.
  • Fecha recepcion 29/12/15
  • Fecha aceptacion 1/02/16
  • Tipo de Artículo Clínico (Microdatos) Case Reports
Publicado en Notas clínicas

Información adicional

  • Num_publicacion 64(11)
  • Resumen_ingles

    The family can exert a strong influence on children's diet and eating behaviors, which, in turn, may have an impact on their weight status. Since the dawn of time, the dining table has been the nexus of family interaction. The simple act of sharing meals solidifies the family identity and family ties by modeling a wide range of learned behavioural patterns. One of the groups most affected in this respect are adolescents.

    Researchers have shown that family meals are associated with improved dietary intake. A higher frequency of family meals is associated with a greater intake of fruits, vegetables, grains and calcium-rich products, and negatively associated with consumption of fried foods and soft drinks. Family meals have also been shown to contribute to the development of regular eating habits and positive psychosocial functioning and to improvements in language and literacy. In addition, family meals have been associated with reduced risk-taking behaviours such as smoking and alcohol and drug use, as well as better school performance.

    Because of the multiple benefits of eating meals together as a family, promoting the family meal is a powerful public health measure for improving dietary quality, reducing the incidence of weight problems and improving educational and social outcomes.

  • Palabras_clave_ingles Family meal adolescence eating behaviour obesity excess weight
  • Todos_autores J.M. Moreno Villares, M.J. Galiano Segovia1
  • autores listados J.M. Moreno Villares, M.J. Galiano Segovia
  • Correspondecia
    José Manuel Moreno Villares. Unidad de Nutrición Clínica. Hospital «12 de Octubre». Avda. de Córdoba, s/n. 28041 Madrid.
    Correo electrónico:
  • Titulo_ingles The family meal: somewhat more than eating together
  • Centros_trabajo Médico adjunto. Unidad de Nutrición Clínica. Hospital «12 de Octubre». Madrid. 1Pediatra. CS Panaderas. Fuenlabrada (Madrid)
  • Publicado en Acta Pediatr Esp. 2006; 64(11): 554-558
  • copyright ©2006 Ediciones Mayo, S.A.
  • Fecha recepcion 19/07/06
  • Fecha aceptacion 26/07/06
Publicado en Nutrición infantil

Información adicional

  • Num_publicacion 64(7)
  • Resumen_ingles

    Diaphragmatic hernia is a congenital defect that rarely develops after the neonatal period. The clinical signs differ according to the age of the patient at the time of diagnosis. While the newborn usually shows signs of respiratory distress on the first day of life, in older children and adults it can be asymptomatic for a long time, and is detected incidentally in a chest radiograph. These patients generally present gastrointestinal symptoms, like nausea, vomiting and epigastric pain, and a small percentage may develop complications such as bowel obstruction or gastric volvulus.

    Pulmonary hypoplasia and associated malformations are the major contributors to the mortality rate of 30 to 50% during the first months of life, although the prognosis is much more favorable in older children.

    We report the case of a fifteen-year-old boy with acute respiratory distress who was diagnosed in our Emergency Department as having a congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

  • Palabras_clave_ingles Congenital diaphragmatic hernia Bochdalek hernia adolescence
  • Todos_autores B. Riaño Méndez, A.C. Peñalba Citores, C. Míguez Navarro, R. Marañón Pardillo, M. Guerrero Solir, P. Vázquez López, J. Delgado Carrasco
  • autores listados B. Riaño Méndez, A.C. Peñalba Citores, C. Míguez Navarro, R. Marañón Pardillo, M. Guerrero Solir, P. Vázquez López, J. Delgado Carrasco
  • Correspondecia
    J.A. Gómez Campderá. Hospital Materno-Infantil «Gregorio Marañón». Dr. Esquerdo, 46. 28007 Madrid.
    Correo electrónico:
  • Titulo_ingles Congenital diaphragmatic hernia in an adolescent: a case report
  • Centros_trabajo Servicio de Pediatría. Hospital Materno-Infantil «Gregorio Marañón». Madrid
  • Publicado en Acta Pediatr Esp. 2006; 64: 357-359
  • copyright ©2006 Ediciones Mayo, S.A.
  • Fecha recepcion 21/04/06
  • Fecha aceptacion 05/05/06
Publicado en Imagen del mes

Información adicional

  • Num_publicacion 65(1)
  • Resumen_ingles

    Crest syndrome is a type of limited systemic scleroderma. It is considered to be an incomplete form of the disease that has a more benign course, as renal and pulmonary involvement are not its principal characteristics.

    The major symptoms of Crest syndrome, the initials of which give it its name, are calcinosis, Raynaud's phenomenon, esophageal dysmotility, sclerodactyly and telangiectasia.

    We report a case with onset during adolescence, a very uncommon circumstance which, however, is associated with a better prognosis than that involving adult onset.

  • Palabras_clave_ingles Crest syndrome limited scleroderma adolescence
  • Todos_autores P. Zamberk Majlis, D. Velázquez Tarjuelo, J.M. Hernanz Hermosa
  • autores listados P. Zamberk Majlis, D. Velázquez Tarjuelo, J.M. Hernanz Hermosa
  • Correspondecia
    J.M. Hernanz Hermosa. Servicio de Dermatología. Hospital General Universitario «Gregorio Marañón». Dr. Esquerdo, 46. 28007 Madrid.
    Correo electrónico:
  • Titulo_ingles Digital ulcerations and Raynaud’s phenomenon in an adolescent
  • Centros_trabajo Servicio de Dermatología. Hospital General Universitario «Gregorio Marañón». Madrid
  • Publicado en Acta Pediatr Esp. 2011; 00(0): 00-00
  • copyright ©2011 Ediciones Mayo, S.A.

Información adicional

  • Num_publicacion 68(7)
  • Resumen_ingles

    Eating disorders (ED) are one of the psychopathologies with more growing incidence and prevalence in recent decades. Moreover, this growth is expanding towards age segments different from the traditional ones. Specifically, ED is being found with more frequently, in adults with absence of prior pathology, and children beginning from 8-9 years. This work focuses on the latter, analyzing the causes of appearance, the role of the family and the new forms of conceptualization of ED, as well as prevention, making a special emphasis on the fundamental role of the pediatrician regarding early detection.

  • Palabras_clave_ingles Eating disorders anorexia bulimia childhood adolescence
  • Todos_autores C. Valle
  • autores listados C. Valle
  • Correspondecia
    C. Valle Trabadelo. Departamento de Psicología. Universidad San Pablo CEU. Campus Montepríncipe. 28668 Boadilla del Monte (Madrid).
    Correo electrónico:
  • Titulo_ingles Eating disorders during childhood and adolescence: the role of the pediatrician to be able to prevent and detect at an early stage
  • Centros_trabajo Departamento de Psicología. Universidad San Pablo CEU. Boadilla del Monte (Madrid)
  • Publicado en Acta Pediatr Esp. 2010; 68(7): 335-340
  • copyright ©2010 Ediciones Mayo, S.A.
  • Fecha recepcion 05/12/09
  • Fecha aceptacion 22/12/09
Publicado en Revisión

Información adicional

  • Num_publicacion 69(2)
  • Resumen_ingles

    Endogenous Cushing's syndrome is rare endocrine disorders in pediatric age whose most common cause are the pituitary tumors producers of adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) (Cushing's syndrome, CS). This disease must be suspected in any children with unjustified weight gain associated with a decrease in the speed of growth. The first therapeutic option in the CS is the transsphenoidal adenomectomy, followed by radiotherapy if CS persists. After the treatment pituitary disorders can be associated which will need a substitutive therapy, growth hormone deficit can cause an inadequate catch-up growth in children. We report the case of a nearly 11 years-old girl with unjustified weight gain, growth stagnation, signs of virilization and proximal myopathy. Through hormonal determinations was confirmed an ACTH-dependent hypercortisolism was confirmed. The cranial MRI showed a pituitary micro adenoma that was removed through transsphenoidal adenomectomy with clinical and analytic remission. Before surgery, ketoconazole was used in order to control hypercortisolism. There were no signs of relapse four years later.

  • Palabras_clave_ingles Cushing syndrome child adolescence ACTH secreting pituitary micro adenoma obesity growth pituitary gland/surgery
  • Todos_autores B. Huidobro Fernández1, J.J. López Gómez2, J. Huerta Aragonés1, E. Salinero Paniagua3, M.D. Rodríguez Arnao1
  • autores listados B. Huidobro Fernández, J.J. López Gómez, J. Huerta Aragonés, E. Salinero Paniagua, M.D. Rodríguez Arnao
  • Correspondecia
    B. Huidobro Fernández. Hospital General Universitario «Gregorio Marañón». Doctor Esquerdo, 46. 28007 Madrid.
    Correo electrónico:
  • Titulo_ingles Cushing’s syndrome in pediatric age. Treatment and evolution
  • Centros_trabajo 1Unidad de Metabolismo/Endocrinología Pediátrica. Hospital General Universitario «Gregorio Marañón». Madrid. 2Sección de Endocrinología y Nutrición. Complejo Asistencial de León. 3Servicio de Anatomía Patológica. Hospital General Universitario «Gregorio Marañón». Madrid
  • Publicado en Acta Pediatr Esp. 2011; 69(2): 88-91
  • copyright ©2011 Ediciones Mayo, S.A.
  • Fecha recepcion 01/01/10
  • Fecha aceptacion 02/02/10
Publicado en Notas clínicas
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